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Thursday, July 30, 2020 | History

2 edition of inheritance of DDT resistance in house flies found in the catalog.

inheritance of DDT resistance in house flies

Elbert Felton Johnston

inheritance of DDT resistance in house flies

by Elbert Felton Johnston

  • 204 Want to read
  • 22 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • DDT (Insecticide).,
  • Flies -- Control.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby Elbert Felton Johnston.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination38 leaves, bound ;
    Number of Pages38
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14306056M

    The inheritance of body colour in fruit flies was investigated. Two fruit flies with grey bodies were crossed. Of the offspring, had grey bodies and 48 had black bodies. Using suitable symbols, give the genotypes of the parents. Suggest how the KDR minus allele gives resistance to DDT. (2). Resistance patterns in DDT-resistant Aedes aegypti. Bull World Health Organ. ; 18 (4)– [Europe PMC free article] [Google Scholar] COKER WZ. The inheritance of DDT resistance in Aëdes aegypti. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. Dec; 52 (4)– [Google Scholar] DAVIDSON G. Insecticide resistance in Anopheles sundaicus. Nature.

    Pesticide resistance is not evidence of evolution. by David Catchpoole. Published: 20 August (GMT+10) Since aerial application of pesticides (“crop dusting”) first began in the s, there have been tremendous improvements in knowledge, technology and safety. However, irrespective of the application method used, farmers must face the phenomenon of pesticide resistance. The DDT strain showed no less activity than originally reported1, the DDE production in 3 hr. by the equivalent of six flies averaging 98 µgm. for homogenates and 52 µgm. for acetone powders.

    The status of resistance to three insecticides (permethrin, stirofos, and methoxychlor), relative to a laboratory-susceptible colony, was evaluated in field populations of house flies, Musca. Abstract. Synthetic pyrethroids were introduced into pig farms in Japan in the late s for the control of housefly populations, most of which had already developed resistance to organophosphorus and carbamate insecticides.


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Inheritance of DDT resistance in house flies by Elbert Felton Johnston Download PDF EPUB FB2

The following is virtually the authors' summary. Eigid selection and inbreeding of a highly DDT-resistant strain of house-flies [Musca domestica L.] did not result in the production of a homogeneous population.

When reciprocal crosses of DDT-resistant and non-resistant flies were made, the progeny were approximately intermediate between the parent strains in their levels of resistance to DDT Cited by: 3.

Work by Busvine and the author on resistance to DDT and other insecticides in strains of the house-fly [Musca domestica L.] from Italy and Sardinia [cf. R.A.E., B 44 ] is reviewed.

Evidence was obtained that the inheritance of resistance to knockdown by DDT is explained by the occurrence of a single gene for resistance that is not completely recessive [41 ], but as resistance to the Cited by: 3.

The inheritance of DDT resistance in house flies Public Deposited. Analytics × Add Author: Elbert Felton Johnston. THERE have been many speculations on the mode of inheritance of resistance to DDT in the housefly (Musca domestica L.), but little scientific evidence in support of one theory or another.

In Cited by: The establishment of these two types of DDT-resistance appears to explain inconsistent experimental results of genetical experiments with resistant flies.

Evidence from mass-crossing experiments with resistant and nonresistant strains done in the U.S.A. suggested a multiple factor inheritance of resistance [Bulletin of Hygiene hygiene Subject Cited by: 3.

A strain of flies selected for resistance to combination (DMC-R strain) was used to cross, inbreed and backcross with susceptible flies to determine the inheritance pattern of DDT'ase and its relationship to resistance.

By this means a quantitative relationship between presence of DDT'ase and resistance to DDT has been established. Insecticide-resistance in the housefly is known to be an inherited character; but, in spite of numerous papers on this phenomenon, there appears to be little reliable information about the genetic mechanism involved.

BRUCE and DECKER [Bulletin of Hygiene,v. 25, ] carried out some crossing experiments between resistant and susceptible strains and investigated the levels of resistance. COVID campus closures: see options for getting or retaining Remote Access to subscribed content.

Ideally a toxicological study ofthe inheritance of resistance shouldbecoincidental withastudy ofthe inheritance. of the physiological mechanism res-ponsible for resistance. Thus, Lovell & Kearns () found a correlation between the pattern of inheritance ofDDT-dehydrochlorinase activity and of resistance to DDT in the housefly.

Similarly. 8. Patil and E E. Guthrie, Effect of anomalous cuticular phospholipids on penetration of insecticides in susceptible and resistant house flies, Pestic. Biochem. Physiol. 11, 13 (). Tsukamoto and M. Ogaki, Inheritance of resistance to DDT in Drosophila melanogaster, Botyu-Kag 39 ().

Journal of Economic Entomol TUBUDDIN, M. The inheritance of DDT-resistance in a highly resistant strain of Aedes aegypti L. Bulletin of the World Health Organizat ROZEBOOM, L. E., AND HOBBS, J. In- heritance of DDT-resistance in a Philippine population of Culex pipiens fatigans Wied.

Permethrin resistance in ALHF was fold compared with that in aabys. Resistance in flies bearing a mutant-type marker on autosome 4 was similar to that in ALHF. Flies with mutant-type markers on autosomes 1 and 2 had relatively lower resistance than ALHF; flies with mutant-type markers on autosomes 3 and 5 had much lower levels of resistance.

Crow, DDT, and Drosophila. The humble fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster has been a key tool in unlocking the molecular basis of insecticide resistance, and early studies by James Crow and others have helped to establish Drosophila as a genetic model for resistance studies.

Studies of DDT resistance in Drosophila have also typified arguments surrounding mono- vs. polygenic inheritance. Download PDF: Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s): (external link).

The results show that cyclodiene resistance (R-Cyclo) is inherited as a simple autosomal semidominant trait which is allelic in the 2 resistant strains.

Linkage studies indicate that R-Cyclo is independent of linkage groups II—VI, but is linked with the group VII trait curly wing at a distance of ±± and R. Suzuki: Genetic analyses of DDT-resistance in two strains of the housefly, Musca domestica L.

Botyu-Kag 76 (). Google Scholar Genetic analyses of diazinon-resistance in the house fly. By OctoberDDT was available for public sale in the United States. Although it was promoted by government and industry for use as an agricultural and household pesticide, there were also concerns about its use from the beginning.

Opposition to DDT was focused by the publication of Rachel Carson's book Silent talked about environmental impacts that correlated with. The development of resistance to pesticides is generally acknowledged as one of the most serious obstacles to effective pest control today.

Since house flies first developed resistance to DDT inmore than species of arthropods, at least 91 species of plant pathogens, five species of noxious weeds and two species of nematodes were reported to have developed strains resistant to on~ or. The present degree of housefly resistance to DDT and lindane was found to be high, and cross-resistance to dieldrin was discovered.

An analysis of dieldrin resistance was made, and it was found that a single selection with dieldrin at a high selection pressure resulted in a homozygous resistant strain.

Abstract. Reciprocal mass crosses and back-crosses were performed between two homogeneous strains of the housefly (Musca domestica L.), representing the extremes in susceptibility and resistance to heterozygotes were found to be intermediate between susceptible and resistant parents, and showed no evidence of sex linkage or cytoplasmic effects.

Introduction. THE HOUSE FLY, Musca domestica, is one of the most serious pests affecting livestock and poultry facilities in the United States and flies are the vectors of more than human and animal intestinal diseases, including bacterial, protozoan, helminthic, and viral and rickettsial infections rmore, house flies have shown remarkable abilities to develop.The impact of DDT on human health received worldwide attention from the general public, political and scientific communities, with the publication of Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring.1 In Silent Spring, Carson described a series of harmful effects on the environment and wildlife resulting from the use of DDT and other similar compounds.The New Yorker, Janu P.

Talk story about the fourth annual meeting of the Entomological Society of America, held at the Hotel New Yorker in conjunction with the American.